© 2016 Total Sonic Media · all rights reserved.

Direct Metal Mastering Studios

Direct Metal Mastering - aka "DMM" - was the final refinement in vinyl mastering technology issued by Neumann in cooperation with Teldec and Toolex in 1982.  In DMM a specially made record lathe (the Neumann VMS-82, using the SX-82/84 cutter head and SAL-82/84 cutting amplifiers) uses a diamond stylus to cut into a layer of copper electro-plated over a steel substrate (instead of the more usual heated sapphire stylus cutting into a layer of lacquer coated on an aluminium substrate).  The "metal mothers" can then be directly electro-plated with nickel in order to create a stamper in a single step - meaning there is less potential for resulting surface noise to be introduced during the plating process simply because there are less plating stages.  DMM relative to more traditional lacquer mastering also generaly results in better high frequency definition and much less pre-echo.  Because DMM lathes use the excellent VMS-80 pitch/depth computer you also can generally get higher levels for longer side with it. The following studios still can do Direct Metal Mastering for your music: United Kingdom Abbey Road Germany Pauler Acoustics Celebrate Records Railroad Tracks Ton Schall Raum Sector5 The Netherlands Record Industry  Czech Republic GZ USA The Church of Scientology (aka, the Scientologists) have 2 DMM lathes in their mastering studio (which is most likely located in their Golden Era Productions facility in Gilman Hot Springs, California)  - but they do not work on projects other than their own (they transcribe L. Ron Hubbard's speeches onto disc and place them into time capsules along with hand-cranked turntables.  Sometimes truth is stranger than fiction).    Europadisk in New York City was the last mastering studio in the USA to offer Direct Metal Mastering on a commercial basis - but it ceased operation in 2005.
© 2016 Total Sonic Media

Direct Metal Mastering Studios

Direct Metal Mastering - aka "DMM" - was the final refinement in vinyl mastering technology issued by Neumann in cooperation with Teldec and Toolex in 1982.  In DMM a specially made record lathe (the Neumann VMS-82, using the SX-82/84 cutter head and SAL-82/84 cutting amplifiers) uses a diamond stylus to cut into a layer of copper electro-plated over a steel substrate (instead of the more usual heated sapphire stylus cutting into a layer of lacquer coated on an aluminium substrate).  The "metal mothers" can then be directly electro-plated with nickel in order to create a stamper in a single step - meaning there is less potential for resulting surface noise to be introduced during the plating process simply because there are less plating stages.  DMM relative to more traditional lacquer mastering also generaly results in better high frequency definition and much less pre- echo.  Because DMM lathes use the excellent VMS-80 pitch/depth computer you also can generally get higher levels for longer side with it. The following studios still can do Direct Metal Mastering for your music: United Kingdom Abbey Road Germany Pauler Acoustics Celebrate Records Railroad Tracks Ton Schall Raum Sector5 The Netherlands Record Industry  Czech Republic GZ USA The Church of Scientology (aka, the Scientologists) have 2 DMM lathes in their mastering studio (which is most likely located in their Golden Era Productions facility in Gilman Hot Springs, California)  - but they do not work on projects other than their own (they transcribe L. Ron Hubbard's speeches onto disc and place them into time capsules along with hand- cranked turntables.  Sometimes truth is stranger than fiction).    Europadisk in New York City was the last mastering studio in the USA to offer Direct Metal Mastering on a commercial basis - but it ceased operation in 2005.